What Performs the Gynaecologist?
An internal pelvic examination is typically the following step. Our gynaecologist puts a device known as a speculum into the vagina in order to view inside the body. The cervix, which is located between the vagina and the uterus, is made easier to see by widening the vagina.
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Week-by-week updates on how your baby and your pregnancy are progressing. Know how your baby is developing and learn some fun facts along the way!
Your baby at 4 weeks
Your baby is the size of a poppy seed. By the end of the week, your little one measures around a millimeter (0.04 inch).
Once implanted in the side of your uterus, the fertilized egg divides into layers of cells and officially becomes an embryo. These cells will grow into your little one’s body throughout your pregnancy, forming the nervous system, skeleton, muscles and organs.
Your baby at 6 weeks
Your baby is the size of a pomegranate seed. Your little one keeps growing bigger, now measuring about 2.5 mm (0.1 inch).
Closed for business
An important milestone occurs during 6th week of pregnancy: the neural tube starts to close over what will become your baby’s spinal cord.
At 6 weeks, tiny folds of tissue are developing into what will eventually become your little one’s chin, cheeks and jaw. The areas that will be the eyes and nose raise up as bumps, while the ear structure is pushing inwards.
Your baby at 8 weeks
Your baby is the size of a raspberry at 8th week of pregnancy.. Your tiny resident is about the size of a marble, weighing in at about 0.25 g and measuring anywhere from 7 to 17 mm (roughly half an inch). At the moment the embryo’s shape is more cubic than round.
This week, hands and feet are forming tiny webbed fingers and toes. The tail that your little one has been sporting starts to disappear.
As the intestines form, a middle loop moves into the umbilical cord because there’s not enough room for it in the abdomen. Even at this early stage, the intestines are carrying waste away from the body. A month from now, when there’s more room in your little one’s belly, the intestines will move out of the cord and back into the abdomen.
our baby at 10 weeks
Your baby is the size of a prune at 10th week of pregnancy. Thanks in part to developing bones and lengthening limbs, your baby now weighs about 2.5 g and measures two to three centimetres (around an inch) from crown to rump.
At the moment, your baby’s outer ears sit low on the head, but they’ll move to the right spot as the head grows.
Your little one’s eyes are also developing. The basic optical structure is in place and the eyelids are beginning to cover the eyes, which are still on either side of the head.
The whole tooth
Baby’s first tooth won’t break through the gums until several months after birth, but tiny tooth buds are already starting to form.
Your baby at 12 weeks
Your baby is the size of a lime during 12th week of pregnancy. This week your baby weighs 8.5-14 g (0.3 to 0.5 oz) and measures around 6.5 cm (2.5 inches).
Those little nail beds are sprouting nails, so stand by with some nail clippers. Many babies are actually born with long fingernails that need to be trimmed soon after delivery.
Parts in place
The truly critical period for your little one’s development is coming to a close. By the end of this week, all of the body parts will be there; even the sex organs have developed (although it’s too soon to determine whether you’re carrying a girl or a boy).
At 12th week of pregnancy, the eyelids have formed and will close. They’ll remain fused together until late in your second trimester.
Your baby at 14 weeks
Your baby is the size of a nectarine during 14th week of pregnancy. Your little one weighs about 57 g (2 oz) and is 8.1 to 10.9 cm (3.2 to 4.3 inches) long.
Your baby’s mouth can open and close and is starting to make swallowing and sucking motions. Those little facial muscles are really getting a workout!
Set for speech
The o esophagus, windpipe, larynx and vocal cords are all prepped and ready for that first loud wail after birth.
By the time you are 14 weeks pregnant the eyes have moved to their proper place at the top of the face, and the ears have moved from the neck to the sides of the head. The jaws have been complete for a while, and the palate is now ‘zipping up’, closing from front to back.
Your baby at 15 weeks
Your baby is the size of a small grapefruit during 15th week of pregnancy. weighing anywhere from 48 to 70 g (1.7 to 2.5 oz) and measuring 10.4 to 11.5 cm (4.1 to 4.5 inches) from crown to rump.
Your baby’s hair pattern is established during 15th week pregnancy, but this is no guarantee that he or she will be born with a full head of hair. Ultra-fine, soft hair, called lanugo, is also appearing over your little one’s entire body. This downy hair protects the delicate skin from the amniotic fluid and usually disappears just before or after birth.
Your baby at 16 weeks pregnant
Your baby is the size of a small apple during 16th week of pregnancy..
Thanks to strengthening muscles, your little one is working on lifting his or her head and neck from the curved position.
Baby is pumping those little arms and legs furiously this week. Sometime between now and 20 weeks, you may be able to feel movement for the first time. That said, your little one is still very small – about 11.5 to 12 cm (4.5 to 4.75 inches) long and just under 85 g (3 oz) – and the cushion of amniotic fluid can make it difficult to feel movement just yet.
Underneath that lanugo is a fine layer of skin through which you can see blood vessels already transporting blood. Mouth development continues and baby’s face is capable of moving more and more.
Your baby at 17 weeks
Your baby is the size of a pear during 17th week of pregnancy.
This week, your little one is really starting to put on weight. The fat, also called adipose tissue, helps to keep your baby warm and is important for metabolism since it’s a great source of energy. Your baby might measure up to 17.3 cm (6.8 inches) and weighs nearly 142 g (5 oz) when you are 17 weeks pregnant.
Your little one has been working on two basic reflexes for a few weeks: sucking and swallowing. By the time baby is born, he or she will have nearly all the same reflexes that you do.
Girl or boy?
If you’re going to have a girl, a special set of tissues is developing into the uterus and vagina. If a boy is in your future, these same tissues have started along a different path: the penis has formed and the prostate is beginning to take shape. The newly formed testosterone-secreting cells are key in these developments.
Your baby at 19th week of pregnancy
Your baby is the size of a large mango. Your little one is about 17.8 cm (7 inches) long and weighs anywhere from 185 to 226 g (6.5 to eight oz). There’s a definite upswing on the fetal growth chart now, so expect some big gains in the coming weeks.
Your baby at 20 weeks pregnant
Your baby is the size of a small Galia melon. Your baby weighs about 212 to 255 g (7.5 to 9 oz) and measures approximately 22 cm (8.5 inches). You could cup this little one in the palm of your hand.
In 20th week of pregnancy, your baby is completely covered in vernier, the creamy substance protecting his or her delicate skin from the amniotic fluid.
Baby’s brain has been working overtime to develop the nerve centers dedicated to senses. As they come alive, your little one is more responsive to your activity, sounds in the environment and even the taste of the amniotic fluid.
Your baby at 21 weeks
Your baby is the size of a large banana. Your baby weighs between 284 and 368 g (10 and 13 oz) and is around 22.8 cm (9 inches) long.
Your baby’s heartbeat is now loud enough to be heard through a simple stethoscope, but the beat can be difficult to distinguish from your own. Listen for the faster rhythm: Your baby’s heartbeat is 120 to 160 beats per minute, about twice as fast as your own.
Baby is already starting to sleep and wake in subtle cycles. Ultrasounds show that unborn babies may even settle into a favorite sleeping position.
Your baby at 22 weeks
Your baby is the size of a papaya.
Your baby can now furrow actual eyebrows! These fine hairs are pure white, as they don’t contain any pigment yet. Eyelids have developed too, although they’ll stay fused shut until about 28 weeks.
Now that baby’s arms and legs are proportional (but not their final size), he or she is busy kicking, grasping, flexing and clasping those little hands. Tiny fingernails now completely cover the fingertips–and they keep growing. In fact, you may need to trim your baby’s nails straight after birth to avoid scratching that baby-soft skin.
Prepare for padding
During 22nd week of pregnancy, your baby only has one per cent body fat, but will keep adding on layers of brown fat to help produce and retain body heat.
11 Ways Your Body Changes After Pregnancy
Some new mothers say that they feel more energetic than they ever did before pregnancy. In fact, a woman’s aerobic capacity can increase up to 20 percent in the first six weeks postpartum. Other women say that the sheer exhaustion of childbirth, caring for a newborn, and excess body weight makes them feel sluggish and moody.
Swollen legs and varicose veins
The swelling and puffiness in your legs that you may have experienced during pregnancy will lessen very quickly after you give birth. However, some women begin experiencing twitchiness in their legs postpartum. If this happens to you, walking can provide some relief. Spider veins and varicose veins will probably improve with postpartum weight loss, but they will never go away completely.
Vaginal pain and discharge
Your vagina may feel stretched and tender after the delivery. If you had an epistolary, using cold packs right after delivery can help ease discomfort. Shortly after delivery, you will start to have a vaginal discharge made mostly of blood and what is left of the uterine lining from your pregnancy. This is called lochia and can last for several weeks. You can usually start having sex again about three to four weeks after giving birth. If you’re breastfeeding at that point, you may experience vaginal dryness, which can make intercourse very uncomfortable. Look for a water-soluble vaginal lubricant to ease the pain. If you’re not breastfeeding, expect your period to return about seven to nine weeks after delivery. If you are breastfeeding, your periods may not return for several months — or possibly not until you stop breastfeeding altogether.
If you were constipated during pregnancy, you may still have a problem with constipation, even after you give birth. An episiotomy or hemorrhoids may make a bowel movement painful. A diet high in fiber and plenty of water, milk, and juices can help ease the pain.
Without the baby pressing on your bladder any more, you’re not urinating as frequently. But pressure on the urethra during delivery can make urination difficult postpartum. New moms may also suffer from incontinence or a urinary tract infection, which can cause a burning sensation during urination.
Because it will take some time for the stretched abdomen muscles to become strong again, your body is putting extra weight on the muscles of your back. This can lead to a backache until the abdominal muscles tighten up again. A new mom can also be suffering from back pain due to poor posture during pregnancy. Generally, these problems should clear up in the first six weeks after giving birth. If not, you may want to see a chiropractor.
Just after giving birth, your uterus is still hard and round (weighing about 2 1/2 pounds) and can be felt just by touching your naval. In about six weeks, it will weigh only 2 ounces and will no longer be felt by pressing on your abdomen. That mysterious brown line that you may have had down the center of your lower abdomen during pregnancy will disappear. But, unfortunately, those stretch marks you developed aren’t going anywhere in the near future. Stretch marks tend to be bright red during and shortly after pregnancy, but they will eventually become more of a silver color and begin to blend in with your skin. Also, even the fittest moms will experience some flabbiness in the midsection after giving birth. Sit-ups, certain yoga poses, and other abdominal exercises can get your tummy as flat as it once was.
Your breasts will probably become flushed, swollen, sore, and engorged with milk for a day or two after the birth. Once this swelling goes down, in about three to four days (or until you stop breastfeeding), your breasts will probably begin to sag as a result of the stretched skin. You may also experience milk leakage for several weeks, even if you don’t breastfeed.
Some women develop what’s called the “mask of pregnancy.” That tan-colored area around your eyes will start to fade. Women who suffered from severe acne during pregnancy should see their skin start to clear up. However, other women will begin to experience a red rash that around their mouth and chin or suffer from extremely dry skin. Both of these conditions should be gone within weeks.
A few weeks after delivery, you may start losing large amounts of hair. The average person loses 100 hairs a day, but during pregnancy you were losing far less than that due to those raging hormones. Now that the pregnancy is over, your body will have to compensate and lose extra hair for the first six months after delivery. But don’t worry — your hair will soon return to its normal growth cycle.
You could be Pregnant. Feel free to talk to us
When you call, you can feel free to talk to us about anything because everything you share will remain confidential! We can answer any questions you have and help you to come up with a plan that you can feel comfortable with.
We are here to support you during your pregnancy
Overwhelmed by all the information out there for expecting moms?
Pregnancy Diet Chart
Are you confused about what to eat and what to avoid during pregnancy? Is your mom’s, aunt’s or neighbor’s differing advice for the best pregnancy foods adding to your confusion? If this sounds like you, consider reading this Indian diet during pregnancy post below.
How To Spread Out Your Diet Through The Day:
To make sure that what you eat helps your body and also helps you stay interested, spread out your food through the day by following different food ideas. While you are pregnant, it is important to make sure that you first check about anything that you eat or drink with your doctor. Even though the suggested foods are considered healthy, your doctor will be the best person to assess your overall health and give you the go-ahead. Once you have a confirmation, here is how you can spread out the meal plan through the day:
- Roti with choice of dal, vegetable and a bowl of curd
- Parantha with dal and a bowl of curd
- Carrot and peas parantha with a bowl of curd and some butter
- Jeera or pea rice with raita
- Rice, dal and vegetable with vegetable salad
- Lemon rice with peas and some vegetable salad
- Vegetable khichdi
- Chicken salad with lots of fresh vegetables or vegetable soup
- Chicken curry with rice
- Grilled chicken with a bowl of curd
- Rice, dal, mint raita and a fruit
- Kofta curry with rice
- Cottage cheese parantha with butter and vegetable salad
- Curd rice
- Parantha with sprouted beans salad
- Rice with dal, spinach vegetable, and some green salad
- Roti with a bowl of dal, a vegetable of choice and a glass of buttermilk
- Mixed dal khichdi with a vegetable curry and a bowl of curd
- Vegetable pulaoor chicken rice with a bowl of yogurt
- Plain parantha with a glass of buttermilk
- Cheese and corn sandwich
- Vegetable idli
- Spinach and tomato idli
- Sevaiya with lots of vegetables
- Carrot or lauki halwa
- Fruit smoothie with fresh fruits such as banana or strawberry
- Roasted peanut mixture with vegetables
- Cauliflower and peas samosa
- Bread cutlet
- Chicken cutlet
- Chicken sandwich
- Chicken soup
- A bowl of dried dates or dry fruits
- A cup of green tea
- Milk porridge with oats, sevaior daliya
- Vegetable daliya
- Mixed vegetable uttapam
|Food||Calorie (kcal)||Proteins (gms)||Benefits|
|Rose flavored Milk (1 glass)||150||4||Drink rose water to hydrate the skin from the inside. Well-hydrated skin looks and feels plump and healthy. Drink rose water as a mood enhancer, to relieve depression or stress and improve mood.|
|Wheat Rusks (2 pieces)||200||1||Drinking tea is intricately intertwined into the fabric of our daily lives to such an extent that it’s difficult to imagine a day go by without a hot cup of tea and a tray of biscuits. Oh that moment of sheer happiness and relaxation!|
|Soaked Almonds (6 pieces)||150||5||Helps in the proper growth of an unborn child’s body. Controls high blood pressure.|
|Dates (2 Nos.)||300||2||Dates are a good source of various vitamins and minerals, energy, sugar, and fiber. It also contains calcium, iron, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium|